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What is a forging?

October 30, 2023

What is a forging?

Forging is a metal processing process that changes the shape of the material by subjecting the metal material to high temperatures and then applying huge pressure or impact force, making it denser and stronger during the forming process. This process can be used to manufacture a variety of metal parts and workpieces and is typically used to produce high-strength, high-quality parts.

Here are some key features and uses for forgings:

1. High-temperature processing: Forgings are usually performed at high temperatures, usually above the solidification temperature of the metal. High temperatures help the metal become more malleable, allowing it to change its shape through pressure or impact.

2. Pressure and impact: The pressure or impact force exerted during the forging process can be achieved through the forging die. The shape of the die determines the shape of the final forging. These molds can be averagely shaped or have specific concave and convex shapes, used to make parts of specific shapes.

3. Material diversity: Forgings can be used in various metal materials, including steel, stainless steel, aluminum, copper, brass, nickel, titanium and alloys, etc. Different metals have different advantages for different applications.

4. High strength and toughness: Since the grain structure of the metal is improved during the forging process, forgings usually have high strength, high toughness and good fatigue resistance.

5. Precision manufacturing: Forgings can be used to manufacture parts of various sizes, from small parts to large engineering structures. It can also create complex geometries and details.

6. Wide application: Forgings are widely used in automobile manufacturing, aerospace, shipbuilding, oil and gas, construction, electric power, military and many other fields. They are used in the manufacture of engine parts, bearings, gears, steel bars, welded forgings, shafts and more.

Forging is an important metalworking process that makes metal materials stronger and more durable and is used to produce critical parts and products in many different fields. This process delivers high-quality parts and is suitable for applications requiring high strength and performance.

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