The main methods of machining mechanical parts are.
Turning, milling, planing, inserting, grinding, drilling, boring, punching, sawing and other methods. Can also include wire cutting, casting, forging, electro-etching, powder processing, electroplating, various heat treatment, etc.
Turning: there are vertical and horizontal turning; new equipment has CNC turning, mainly processing rotary body;
Milling: there are vertical milling, horizontal milling; new equipment has CNC milling, also called machining center; mainly processing groove and profile straight surface, of course, can also be two-axis or three-axis linkage processing arc surface;
Planing: mainly processing profile straight surface, under normal circumstances, the surface roughness is not as high as the milling machine;
Insert: can be interpreted as a stand-up planer, ideal for non-complete arc processing;
Grinding: surface grinding, external grinding, internal hole grinding, tool grinding, etc.; processing of high precision surface, the surface roughness of the processed workpiece is particularly high;
Drilling: the processing of holes;
Boring: mainly by boring tool or insert boring bore;
Punching: mainly by punching machine, can punch round or shaped holes;
Sawing: mainly through the sawing machine cutting processing, commonly used in the process of undercutting.